Golden Retriever

English Cream Golden Retriever

Some Call This a "Misnomer"


The appearance of an untypical trait is often the start of many breeds. When you have an unusual color animal in a population of normal-colored animals, it is often coined a sport. This “sport” is not the production of anything magical but most likely the result of a spontaneous mutation or a meeting of two mutated color genes – thus, the English Cream Golden Retriever.


In a sense, almost all American born dogs have English lineage – since history on Golden Retrievers returns us to Scotland and Great Britain. For any Golden Retriever bred to another pure bred Golden it will produce a non-gold (cream or red) coated offspring.


Golden Retriever breeders in England do not focus on “cream” colored dogs. They breed the whole dog – just as American breeders. There is a color in English bred dogs that is the same found here in the States. The term “English Cream” is a misnomer. Actually the more white-goldens originate from Poland, Russia, and Australia.


English Cream



The difference in an English bred Golden has nothing to do with color but the overall dog is a combination of small differences that change their look: smaller in stature and calmer by nature. Sue Ann Bowling writes extensively on Population Genetics and I have weighed heavily my research on English Creams because she appears well versed on genetics and I am not.


America’s field type dog has been developed to be competitive in field events often competing against the tougher more rugged labs. They are bred for speed, endurance and performance. While it is important that the dogs keep to the standard of the breed, for field dog breeders, ability, intelligence and instinct take precedence over coat and bone (skull) structure.


English bred Goldens are simply a different body style and the color of the dog is the result of common coat color genes in the breed – no matter where the dog originates. People marketing puppies as “English Creams” are often ignorant of what that really means (or doesn’t mean). Personally, I love the creamy shade of English Golden Retrievers, and after viewing dozens of pictures of all shades of, I still favor the creams.


Esther Smith, author

Genetics is a vast new study and one must rely on those who have spent their life on this and written extensively of their finds… Sue Ann Bowling was my reference for this article.


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